Little compliments mean so much to me sometimes.

Thursday, 15 December 2011

Konsep PBS

Dirancang di peringkat sekolah merujuk kepada perancangan tentang murid yang akan ditaksir, bila 
pentaksiran dibuat, kekerapan pentaksiran, siapa yang terlibat dalam pentaksiran, pemilihan atau 
pembinaan instrumen pentaksiran, penskoran, pengredan dan pelaporan dibuat oleh pihak sekolah 
dengan berpandukan kepada Panduan PBS bagi matapelajaran berkenaan.

Ciri-ciri PBS

Keserasian dengan kehendak kurikulum

-Mengambilkira kemahiran, sikap dan nilai murni yang ingin dikembangkan dalam P&P

Berpusatkan calon

-Aktiviti dibuat sendiri oleh calon. Skor berdasarkan kriteria dan tidak relatif kepada calon lain


-Tidak rigid dari segi jadual, tempat dan kaedah – ditaksir bila calon bersedia

Apakah PBS?

-Pentaksiran yang dirancang, ditadbir, diskor dan dilapor oleh sekolah.

-LPM menyediakan instrumen merangkumi piawai, kriteria, panduan dan peraturan

-Bertujuan membolehkan calon mengukur tahap penguasaan pengetahuan, kemahiran  dan nilai berbanding kriteria yang ditetapkan

-Membolehkan calon memperbaiki pencapaian diri (assessment for learning)

Wednesday, 14 December 2011

How to learn math fast

5 Tips to Speak English Fluently & Confidently

Learning Outcomes

Learning  outcomes  are  statements  to  guide  teachers  in  teaching  and  are derived from the objectives.   Learning outcomes  incorporate  the skills of  listening, speaking, reading and writing, grammar, the sound system and words from the word list.   More details on the learning outcomes and the language content are given in the Syllabus Specifications documents from Year 1 through to Year 6.

Language Skills

The  language  skills  of  listening,  reading  and writing  form  the  core  of  the primary English curriculum. Learners use  these skills  to  talk  to and write  to people,  to obtain  information  from various sources, and  to enjoy a poem or story read or heard.  

The skill of Listening is taught to enable learners to listen carefully to what is spoken so that they are able to obtain as much and as accurately as possible the  information or  ideas heard. Oral skills are  taught  to enable  learners  to express  their  ideas  confidently  and  clearly.  For  this  purpose,  learners  are taught  to  pronounce  words  correctly  and  to  speak  with  correct  stress, intonation  and  sentence  rhythm.  The  skill  of Reading  is  taught  to  enable learners not only to read independently a variety of   texts  but  also  to  read with  understanding  so  that  they  are  able  to  extract information  efficiently.  The  skill  of Writing  is  taught  to  enable  learners  to express their ideas clearly on paper in legible handwriting or to communicate via the electronic media if facilities are available in school.

Aims & Objectives


 The English language syllabus for primary schools aims to equip learners with basic skills and knowledge of the English  language so as to enable them to communicate, both orally and in writing, in and out of school.  


By the end of the primary school, learners should be able to
  i.  listen to and understand simple spoken English in certain given contexts;
  ii.  ask  and  answer  questions,  speak  and  express  themselves clearly to others using simple language;
 iii.  acquire  good  reading  habits  to  understand, enjoy and extract information from a variety of texts;
  iv.  write legibly and express ideas in simple language; and
 v.  show an awareness and appreciation of moral values as well as  love for the nation.


 English  is  taught  in  all  primary  and  secondary  schools  in  the  country  in keeping with its status as a second language in the country.  The Cabinet Committee Report on the Review of the Implementation of the Education Policy 1979 states that the teaching of English is to enable learners to use English in everyday situations and work situations as well as to pursue higher education.  At present, English is still taught for the purposes of higher education and the workplace.  English  is  the  language  of  Information  Communications Technology  (ICT)  as  well  as  the  language  for  establishing  international relations in a borderless world. To enable our learners to access information on the Internet and other electronic media as well as to network with students in other parts of the country and abroad, it is important that they are proficient in the language. Such proficiency will also help learners to read and listen to academic, professional and recreational materials and  to speak in seminars and conferences.   The English curriculum  for primary schools  is designed  to provide  learners with a strong foundation in the English language. Learners will then be able to build upon  this  foundation and use  the  language  for various purposes. The development of  learners’  linguistic ability  is  in keeping with  the goals of  the National Education Philosophy and the Education Act of 1996 which seek to optimise  the  intellectual,  emotional,  spiritual  and  physical  potential  of  all students.   In  learning  the English  language,  learners  are  taught  the  fundamentals  of English grammar and how  to use  it correctly  in both speech and  in writing. Learners  are  also  taught  the  English  sound  system  to  enable  them  to pronounce words correctly and  to speak  fluently with  the correct stress and intonation so that from these early stages, pupils learn to speak internationally intelligible English.   Learners  differ  from  each  other  in  their  individual  strengths,  abilities  and learning styles and preferences. In teaching the curriculum, these differences are taken into account so that the aims and aspirations of the curriculum are fulfilled and the potential of the child is maximized.    This  document  is  the  English  Syllabus  for  primary  schools.  It  gives  an overview of the English language curriculum to be taught from Year 1 through to Year 6. This syllabus  is  for use  in both the national primary schools (SK) and  the  national  type  primary  schools  (SJK).  To  help  teachers  teach  this curriculum  in  the  classroom,  supporting  documents  known  as  syllabus specifications or  Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran  are  made  available.   In   these   documents,  the  curriculum  is  explained  in  greater  detail  for  each  year  of schooling. There is one set of specifications for each primary level schooling.   The  syllabus  outlines  the Aims, Objectives,  and  Learning Outcomes  to  be achieved. The Language Content to be taught has also been given and this includes  the sound system,  the grammar of  the English  language, and  the word list.  The contents of the syllabus can be expanded upon if learners have the ability and are proficient in the language. 

English Language Curriculum for Primary Schools (KSSR) Year 1,2 and 3

Ministry of Education Malaysia has introduced the standardised English Language Curriculum for Primary Schools (Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah), which will be implemented phase by phase starting this year. The new curriculum emphasises on holistic development of the students which encompasses new elements such as grooming of creativity and innovation, entrepreneurship, and integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT).